The Public Participation in the Selection of Justice in Indonesia
Decentralization and Public Officials in Indonesia
Public Sector Auditing Reform and Accountability in Indonesia
Public Participation In Policy-Making And Implementation
The challenges of decentralization in promoting citizen participation
Citizen Participation in China
Miles or Mirages?
Direct Popular participation and crisis in Public Services
The Role of the Public Bureaucracy in Policy Implementation in Five ASEAN Countries
Public Interest Litigtion in Legal World: An Analysis & Evaluation
A Brief of Public Interest Litigation
Weaving Business Networks in Indonesia
An Evaluation of Restorative Justice in the Youth Justice Framework
The Community Health Nurses in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Once upon a time, only the aggrieved party had the locus standi (standing required in law) so that he could personally knock the doors of justice and seek remedy for his grievance and the non-affected persons had no locus standi, could not do so. Ultimately, there was hardly any link between the rights guaranteed by the Constitution and the laws made by the legislature on the one hand and the vast majority of people specially illiterate classes, on the other. This scenario gradually changed by the modern interpretation of the judiciary that tackled the problem of 'access to justice' by people through public interest litigation (PIL) by alterations made in the requirements of locus standi and of party aggrieved. Now, any citizen or consumer group or social organization can approach the court, seeking legal remedies, where the interests of general public or a section of people are violated. PIL could be filed without incurring heavy court fees, as required in private civil litigations. PIL is the device by which public participation in judicial review of administrative action is assured. It brought a great change in public mind regarding people's rights & government responsibilities.